Endodontic therapy also known as root canal therapy, is a treatment that removes the inflamed or infected nerve tissue from the canals of the tooth. Once a tooth is infected, the only way to save the tooth is with endodontic therapy, a build up filling, and a full coverage crown for protection. The only other option would be to extract the tooth.
Any trauma or infection of the nerve will result in the need for root canal therapy. Common reasons for root canal therapy include:
- Tooth decay invades the tooth, penetrating through the enamel and then the dentin in to the pulp.
- Trauma, such as a chipped or broken tooth, occurs and results in the exposure of the nerve.
- A tooth is slowly dying, due to aging or past trauma that did not result in the need for treatment at the time of injury.